- Why Do We Keep Bees? [+]
- Types of Beekeepers
- What Do Beekeepers Do?
- Checking the Hives (Basic Tools) [+]
- Harvesting Honey
- Protecting the Hive [+]
- Record Keeping and Maintenance
- Gathering Information
Removing the Supers
Once the worker bees have filled the supers with capped honey, it's time for the beekeeper to harvest the honey crop. The bees need about 35 kg of honey as a winter food supply, but the rest can be taken out. The beekeeper removes all the bees from the honey-filled frames before transferring the frames to the “honey house” for extraction. Bees are not welcome in the honey house!
There are several ways to remove bees, for example, with a bee blower, a bee brush, or by installing an escape board. The bee blower resembles a leaf blower, and it blows the bees out of the super without hurting them. The bee brush requires the beekeeper to gently sweep a long-bristled brush along the comb to remove the bees. The escape board works like a one-way maze: the bees can go down to the brood chamber but can't figure out how to get back up to the honey super. The beekeeper leaves the escape board in the hive for a day or two, and then returns to collect the honey supers.